James Webb Space Telescope – AI on the sky

On December 21st, 2021, the world’s largest optical telescope was launched into space. Its predecessor, the Hubble Space Telescope, was launched back in 1990. And with 30 years of development, paired with the technological advancements that seemed impossible a mere few decades ago – the James Webb Telescope showcased its first images on July 12th.

In what is considered a remarkable feat in human history, the images displayed a galaxy cluster, taking us back in time to almost 4.6 billion years.

And with the advancement in AI technology, scientists are studying images in detail with machine learning algorithms. The data is being analyzed to provide information about the images, which can lead us to a huge breakthrough.

Stephan’s Quintet

James Webb Space Telescope: Origins:

Shortly after the departure of the Hubble Telescope, NASA, in collaboration with ESA and CSA, began the development of the James Webb Telescope. Extra-depth was added and the image resolution and capture are improved greatly. Allowing it to view objects in the furthest reaches of our cosmos.

And after thirty years of rigorous development, the telescope was launched into space on December 21st, 2021. The first images were displayed to the public on July 12th, 2022.

The images allowed us to peer into the farthest recesses of the universe, taking us back in time. It is estimated that the JWST is able to take us back 13.6 billion years into the past. Most likely 100-250 million years after the Big Bang. Which is the furthest mankind has ever gone.

James Webb Space Telescope: Technology:

The JWST includes 18 hexagonal mirror segments made of Beryllium. The infrared technology installed in JWST is an improvement on the one used on Hubble, with better resolution.

The original size of the telescope is six times the size of the Hubble. It has sunshields made up of Aluminum and Silicon coatings to block out the sunlight, keeping its temperature cold. The sunshields have a total of five layers to protect them.

With a budget of an astounding $10 billion dollars, the James Webb Space Telescope showcases the future of space exploration for years to come.

James Webb Space Telescope: Discovery:

With the power of the JWST allows us to travel back billions of years in the past, almost to the point of inception. The telescope has other major applications as well. Mainly to discover other habitable planets in our solar system. By analyzing the gas emissions most essential for life; nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon.

The images unveiled recently showed galaxy cluster SMACS 0723, which is 5.12 billion light years away from Earth.

The deep field image search of JWST allowed us to have detailed and rich images. And with advanced AI and Machine Learning models like Morpheus and COSMOS-Webb, researchers are able to study these images in depth.

The images are being fed to these AI models, awaiting results, one of many to come in the following years.

Carina Nebula

James Webb Space Telescope: Future:

It is estimated that the full lifetime of the JWST is about ten years. With nearly a decade left to go, what new discoveries will the telescope do? Just how far will mankind be able to go?

The new era is just beginning, and the JWST will lead us into it. By evolving and discovering interplanetary resources, along with investigating the extrasolar planets. It’s safe to say that it has much to reveal.

“One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”

-Neil Armstrong.

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